Research post by Francesc Pardo-Bosch, Carles Cervera & Tamyko Ysa.

July, 17 2020   |   Editorial office

The United Nations predicts that cities will be home to 65% of the world’s population by 2050. Consequently, the pressure on existing resources, including energy, will increase. Housing, education, healthcare, water, waste management, public safety and security are essential services that governments are expected to provide in urban areas.

As calls to address climate change become louder, local municipalities will need to create and implement strategies to ensure financial, environmental and social sustainability in the essential services they deliver.


Find full piece at:

Francesc Pardo-Bosch, Carles Cervera & Tamyko Ysa (2020), “How city councils can retrofit sustainability,” Do Better, ESADE:

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